MIDHANI : Niche high valued added domestic alloy company

About the Company
MIDHANI (Mishra Datum Nigam Ltd) is majorly owned by the government and manufactures a variety of super alloys, titanium and titanium alloys, special-purpose steels, controlled-expansion alloys, soft magnetic alloys, electrical-resistance alloys, molybdenum products, and other special products made according to customer specifications. The company also offers metallurgical testing, evaluation, and consultancy services. Its quality control is recognised by the National Accreditation Board of Laboratories. MIDHANI is under the administrative control of the Ministry of Defence’s Department of Defence Production
Mile stones
• 1983-1984 First commercial production started
• 1987-1988 Entered into the field of fabrication of special armour panels
• 2000-2001 Development of bio implants from Titanium alloys
• 2001-2002 Development Niobium alloy required for critical space applications
• 2002-2003 Supply of indigenized special fasteners commenced
• 2005-2006 Development of large forgings of Chromium -Molybdenum steel in the form of weld neck flanges, blind flanges etc.
• 2006-2007 Development of gun barrel forgings.
• 2008-2009 Achieved Mini Ratna category-1 status from MoD
• 2009-2010 Commencement of commercial production of 6.5 metric tonnes vacuum induction melting furnace
• 2010-2011 Commissioning of critical equipment like 10 tonnes vacuum arc re-melting furnace
• 2011-2012 Implementation of the e-Procurement portal for publishing and processing tenders online. Signatory to UN Global Compact Initiative
• 2014-2015 Commissioning of 6000 tonnes forge press and electron beam melting furnace
• 2015-2016 Commissioning of in-house designed 20 tonnes electro slag refining furnace and 10 tonnes vacuum arc re-melting furnace Awarded “Excellent” rating with a score of 97.06%, which is the best amongst all the defence PSUs and ranks among top 5% of all companies signing such MoUs with the Department of Defence Production
• 2016-2017 Commissioning of 20 tonnes electric arc furnace
Plant locations
• Hyderabad
• Nellore
• Rohtak
• High Value Specialty Steel
• Super-alloys
• Titanium Based Alloys
Ultra High Strength Steel: Ultra High Strength Steel has yield strength between 1400 and 2400 MPa with high strength, excellent toughness and weldability without losing their malleable nature, and it belongs to the ultra-high strength materials category.
Armor Grade Steel Plates: Armor grade steel plates are used for bullet proof application to ensure the safety of individuals and/or contents transported from one place to another. It possesses excellent hardness and toughness along with high velocity projectile protection for vehicles in combat situation. The key end user application includes both defence vehicles and commercial vehicles. Generally the walls, doors, and the ceiling of these vehicles use armour grade steel to increase the ballistic resistance of the vehicle. The functional components of the vehicles such as engine components are made of superior quality to withstand load and excess weight.
Ferritic Stainless Steel: Ferritic steel contains high content of chromium, magnetic stainless steel with less than 0.12% carbon content. Ferritic steel have good resistance to corrosion along with excellent surface finish and stress corrosion cracking. This material finds application with thinner material and reduced weight with strength.
Martensitic Stainless Steel: Martensitic steel has carbon content of upto 0.75%, with chromium from 12.5% to 18%. Tempered martensite steel provides increased hardness and high toughness. Improved group of martensitic stainless steels are the super martensitic stainless steels that provide high strength with low-temperature toughness having acceptable corrosion resistance.
Austenitic Stainless Steel: Austenitic steel are non-magnetic stainless steel grade with high level of chromium (upto 28%) and nickel (36%) along with low level of carbon. Austenitic steel grades have enhanced corrosion resistance with modified structure from ferritic to austenitic. These types of grades are categorized with 200, 300 series and are most commonly used type among other types of stainless steel.
Precipitation Hardening Steel: Precipitation hardening steel is classified as martensitic or semi austenitic steel grade that can be strengthened and hardened by heat treatment. This material is ideal for applications that requires high strength-to-weight ratio such as aerospace.
Process :
Company’s manufacturing facilities includes primary and secondary melting furnaces such as electric arc furnace with ladlle refining furnace, vacuum degassing/ vacuum oxygen decarburisation, vacuum induction melting, vacuum induction refining, vacuum arc re-melting, electro slag re-melting and electron beam melting. Subsequent operations are carried out with 6000T/1500T forge press, ring rolling mill, hot rolling and cold rolling, bar and wire drawing based on the output sizes required. The auxiliary supporting services like conditioning, heat treatment, machining, pickling, quality control also form part of our manufacturing processes.
The primary raw materials used by Company for manufacturing our products are: (a) nickel metal to various specifications; (b) cobalt metal to various specifications; (c) various master alloys; (d) pure iron; (e) titanium sponge of various grades; (f) chromium metal to various specifications; (g) mild steel scrap/stainless steel scrap; (h) high carbon/low carbon ferro chrome; (i) aluminium metal in various forms; (j) manganese metals; and (k) different ferroalloys
It is good to mention that the by-products produced during the production process are not hazardous to the environment. Different forms of by-products generated during the process of manufacturing are reused by the Company at different stages of the manufacturing process.
People / management / Skill enhancement:
• The value added per employee in the last five years has seen a growth from ₹ 3.7 million in Fiscal 2013 to ₹ 7.2 million in Fiscal 2017.Compnay have undertaken following steps to motivate talent : Dr. Tamhankar’s trophy for young managers below 35 years for encouraging new ideas. They have Employee suggestion scheme along with Best employee of the year award in each category executive, non-unionised supervisor, worker and woman.
• As of January 31, 2018, company have 852 employees, comprising 268 executives, 71 non-unionised supervisors and 513 nonexecutives. Of these non-executives, 271 are skilled workers, 201 are semi-skilled and the balance of the employees consists of unskilled labour and administrative staff.
for management brief back ground one may look at Mangment of MIDANI.docx (14.3 KB)
Intellectual Property :
business under the name and brand of MIDHANI. Our logo has been registered in the name of Company as a word mark and label under class 6 and 35.Company have been issued the trademark registration certificate on May 18, 2017 in respect of advertising, business, administration, office, functions, demonstration of goods, dissemination of advertising matter publicity services, promotional services, all being in relation to special metals and alloys. Company have been issued the trademark registration certificate on May 26, 2017 in respect of common metals and their alloys, design, development and equipment made out of special metals and alloy sheets. Company use the brands MDN, SUPERNI, SUPERFER, SUPERCO and TITAN which are not registered.

Niche Space:
Competitive advantages:

Most advanced and unique facilities

  • Company is the only facility in India to carry out vacuum based melting and refining through world class vacuum melting furnace such as vacuum induction melting, vacuum arc remelting, vacuum degassing/ vacuum oxygen decarburisation, electro slag remelting and electron- beam melting. It enables our Company to venture new markets with innovative and advanced products.
  • Company has successfully produced Hafnium metal having vital application in the space sector for the first time in the country using state of the art electron beam melting furnace. Also, we have manufactured large nickel super-alloy based casting through air induction melting route.
  • Thus the wide spectrum of advanced melting facilities enables company with the flexibility to provide it’s customers with high quality products which meet their stringent quality requirements.

Capability to manufacture wide range of advanced products

MIDHANI is a manufacturer of special steels and stainless steels, Superalloys (nickel base, iron base and cobalt base), commercially pure titanium and titanium alloys, soft magnetic alloys, controlled expansion alloys, heat resistance alloys, special purpose alloys, refractory metals and other alloys in different shapes, properties and sizes.

MIDHANI have process capabilities across the product manufacturing value chain, including melting, forging, rolling, wire drawing, investment casting, machining and quality testing. We are a modern and integrated metallurgical plant for manufacturing a wide spectrum of critical alloys in variety of forms such as ingots, forged bars, rings hot rolled sheets and bars, cold rolled sheets, strips and foils, wires, castings, fasteners and tubes using state of the art production facilities for defence, space, aeronautics, power and thermal power, electronics, tele-communications and engineering industries and other sectors in India. Compnay monitor all its processes, right from the receipt of raw materials, manufacturing to packaging of products. In addition, we also use high quality/pure form of raw materials to manufacture alloys. This helps MIDHANI to ensure high quality of it’s manufactured products and control our production costs. MIDHANI’s variety based capacities also allow it to service customer requirements in a timely and efficient process with the flexibility to produce different ranges of customised products to our customers. MIDHANI is in a unique position to leverage both economies of scale and scope as we are capable of processing different alloys. Some of the alloys that MIDHANI manufacture have properties higher than international standards to meet specific requirements of our customers.

MIDHANI’s wide range of products and ability to meet the specific customer needs enable us to successfully service core strategic sectors such as defence, nuclear/ power and aerospace.

  • Strong long term customer relationships
  • Company have a strong and an established relationship with it’s customers. Company have partnered with many of it’s key customers in the product development process, enabling it’s products to meet the exact specifications provided by the customers and to ensure repeat orders. MIDHANI’s relationships with it’s major customers, especially in core strategic sectors, have existed for more than three decades. MIDHANI undertakes an in house survey for customer satisfaction. The results of customer satisfaction index during 2012 to 2015 is more than 3.5 on the scale of 1 to 5.
  • Going forward, it’s believed that there is likely to be an increase in demand for special metals and alloys on account of government initiatives such as Make in India that will boost defence production and heavy equipment manufacturing in India, which will indirectly lead to an increase in demand of it’s products. Company intended to continue to leverage these long standing relationships and continue to grow it’s business operations in line with these expectations.
  • MIDHANI’s quality is exemplified through the ISO 9001:2008, AS 9100C and NABL certifications that it have obtained with respect to it’s manufacturing processes. Company is committed to enhancement of customer satisfaction by continually improving the effectiveness of quality management system to drive organisational performance. Company intend to strive to exceed client expectations during every stage of the project life cycle. This, coupled with it’s flexibility in setting prices for it’s products, is a significant advantage to our business. The trust of it’s customers is manifested through customer funded capital investments at the Company. As on September 30, 2017, customer funded assets constitute ₹ 660 million out of the total gross block of our Company of ₹ 3,653.94 million.
  • Research and development based technology development

MIDHANI keep abreast with the latest developments in related fields of science and technology. To be at par with the global technological progress, it place strong emphasis on technology of products, technology of process and technology of equipment. In it’s in-house research and development team works towards improvement of product quality and processes innovation. e.g it has reused titanium scrap to make ferro titanium for Indian market . It has manufactured the adour engine disc through isothermal forging process for aerospace sector under Make in India programme .

Company has team comprising of 14 officers who have in-depth knowledge of the design and engineering of special metals and alloys. In 2016, we have established a new melt shop with electric arc furnace, ladle refining furnace, vacuum degassing facility, new ring rolling mill and higher capacity forge press apart from echo system of making value added products like tubes, fasteners, etc. MIDHANI has in-house metallurgical laboratories to cater to the testing required for it’s products. Given the strategic and sensitive nature of our customers’ operations, it is vital for company to ensure delivery of high quality products to customers…

Highly Qualified and Experienced Management and Management Systems

Risks :

  • Significant dependence on single or few customers
  • Significant economic changes that materially affect or are likely to affect income from continuing operations.
  • Portion of business relating to our import of raw materials and other capital equipment are in other currencies. Our exchange rate risk primarily arises from our foreign currency revenues, costs and other foreign currency assets and liabilities to the extent that there is no natural hedge. We may be affected by significant fluctuations in the exchange rates between the Indian Rupee and other currencies.
  • The proposed 100% foreign direct investment in defence services with full technology transfer may result in private companies manufacturing superalloys

Indian Industry Out look:

Overview of the Defence Sector

India’s defence industry continues to strive to become a cutting edge, technology-savvy, self-sufficient, and world-leading industry. According to data published by the Department of Industrial Policy and Planning, India’s defence industry had attracted ₹ 130,000 million in Foreign Direct Investment (“FDI”) in Fiscal 2015. The proposed 100% FDI with full technology transfer aims at addressing the need of capital investment and improved technology transfer. Ordnance factories (“OF”) and Defence Public Sector Undertakings (“DPSUs”) are engaged in the manufacturing of weapon systems for the armed forces. The private sector has been mainly involved in supplying raw material, semi-finished products, and components to DPSUs, OF, army base workshops, air force base repair depots, and navy dockyards.

Some key features of the Indian defence industry include:

Fourth largest armed forces worldwide, in the 2017 Military Ranking by the Global Firepower list

One of the largest arms importer, accounting for 12.8% of global arms imports (between 2012 and 2016) Ranks fifth in the global military budget (2016)

The industry however, suffers from several legacy issues. Almost half of India’s military equipment is approaching obsolescence. Additionally, India overwhelmingly relies on imports for its defence equipment. Almost 70% of its defence requirements are imported.

India’s military seems reluctant to procure weapons from Indian firms, citing low or no track record in defence manufacturing. Additionally, Indian firms have refused bidding for government tenders worth approximately ₹ 975,000 million since 2013, quoting unrealistic quality demands, opaque processes, and slow decision making.

By 2027 the government plans to achieve approximately 70% indigenization in defence purchase, and the government has taken steps by budgeting ₹ 915,800 million for defence capital expenditure in Fiscal 2018, which is 25% of the nation’s overall defence budget. To take this to the next level, India expects to export defence equipment worth ₹ 128,000 million by 2019 to countries such as Vietnam, Mauritius and the UAE.

Between 2015 and 2020, the defence cumulative spending is estimated to be ₹ 22,931,500 million, of which new armaments spending is estimated to be ₹ 8,630,500 million. Procurement of new equipment from domestic sources is estimated to increase between 2015 and 2030 from 44% to 55%. By Fiscal 2025-2030, the defence spending is estimated to hit ₹ 41,934,700 million.

New procurement policies would likely result in indigenous development and increased production in the long term. The Indian defence establishment will move from off-the-shelf purchases to co-development and partnership. Critical equipment shortfall in certain sectors would mandate high-value, off-the-shelf purchases in the short and medium terms to maintain the combat readiness of the Indian Armed Forces.

Contribution of the Defence Sector to the Indian Economy

There is a positive direct link between the defence budget growth and economic growth. Defence spending has macroeconomic implications, since security threats have an adverse impact on trade and business. Gross Capital Formation (“GCF”), (investment, at current prices) estimate for Fiscal 2016 was 30.4% of GDP, the lowest since Fiscal 2012. However, India stood well above the global average of 24.2% in 2015, which is a healthy sign. The way forward is to boost investments through increased private-public partnerships.

Defence allocation is likely to remain constant for the next three to four years, in order for the government to focus on offsetting the economic impact of demonetization. The MoD currently need an increase of roughly 10% to deal with inflation and the vast sums required to modernize India’s aging military hardware.

Speciality material – high value speciality Steel, Superalloys and titanium alloy products – are a vital segment to the defence industry, and is found on almost every application platform. For instance, fighter jets use high performance specialty steels and Superalloys. Light armoured vehicles use significant tonnage of steel plate per vehicle. Steel plates are also used by the navy in the fleets of bodies and propulsion systems. The control cables found in the defence industry are produced from steel wire rope. A subsequent increase in the defence budget will have a direct positive impact on the demand of speciality material in India. Given the cost advantage and highly skilled engineering talent base, India could harness its potential to produce superior material indigenously and also increase its presence in the global supply chain.

The market growth for high value speciality steel, Super-alloy and titanium alloy products is largely dependent on new project investment and expansion plans of the defence, air force, navy, space segments. The Army’s plans involve indigenization of key components and spares of tanks and other weapons systems. This is in synchronization with the aim of the MoD to reduce import bill and promote domestic production of military equipment. The Indian Air Force (“IAF”) has outlined its 10-year modernization plan (2016-2026) that identifies services and technologies which it requires, and aims to share this information with the private sector. About 15% of the projected acquisitions of ₹ 30 lakh million are likely to be sourced from local manufacturers. Also, half of the Indian fighters are due to retire between 2015 and 2024. A government to government (“G2G”) contract for off-the-shelf purchases of 36 aircrafts is currently under negotiation. The remaining 90 fighters will be developed under Make in India. In its expansion plans, ISRO has announced various projects that will increase demand for specialty materials. For instance, Chandrayaan 2, GSLV MK-III, SAARC Satellite, GSAT-9, and Aditya L1 are some of ISRO’s upcoming space missions.

Emphasis is laid on the indigenous design, development, and manufacture of cutting-edge weapons and missiles

Global Industry Outlook :

Market Overview for High Value Speciality Steel

High value speciality steels are premium alloy steel grades that are used across major industries such as automotive, industrial components, aerospace, defence, oil & gas etc., mainly as functional components that are subjected to high temperature, stress and corrosive environment. As per World’s Steel Association, the global finished steel consumption is estimated to be 1,515 million tonnes, of which commercial high value speciality steel products account to around 5% in 2016. High value speciality steel grades are broadly classified as Nickel alloy, armor grade steel and other speciality stainless steel grades.

Market Overview for Superalloys

Superalloys are speciality products that have superior resistance towards corrosion and oxidation at high temperature (around 600oC) with extended lifespan in higher stress conditions. Frost & Sullivan observed the global demand for superalloy products to be around 425,000 MT, with major consumption in countries such as US, Germany, France, Italy, UK, Russia and Spain.

Market Overview for Titanium Alloys

Titanium metal is known for its high strength to low weight ratio, making it an ideal material for aircrafts manufacturing, including fighter aircrafts. Other key end user segments where titanium finds application are bio medical implants, and exhaust systems in high end automobiles. Frost & Sullivan observed global production of titanium to be around 200,000 MT in 2016, with China and USA leading in global production. Titanium alloys occupying a healthy 13% of total aerospace raw material demand through the year 2020 globally, will fuel the demand growth for titanium alloy products during the next five years.

The United States is the largest supplier of high value speciality Steel, superalloy and titanium alloy products in the global market. The US has high defence budgets and large internal demand for aerospace and defence products. Majority of the global suppliers of high value speciality steel, superalloy and titanium alloy are based in the US due to large end users being based out of the country. These suppliers also have strong export orders. Other key countries for the supply of selected products are UK, Japan, Italy, Germany, France, Russia and China.

MOU / Alliance:

Recently Mishra Dhatu Nigam and TUBACEX, a multinational group with its headquarters in Alava, Spain and a global leader in the manufacture of stainless steel and high-alloyed tubular products signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) to pursue a collaborative business model with the intention to develop and analyse potential joint business developments both for India and for other regions, based on their complementary manufacturing technologies for Power Generation and Oil & Gas applications.


As per CPSE Capital Restructuring Guidelines, all central public sector enterprises are required to pay a minimum annual dividend of 30 % of profit after tax or 5 % of the net-worth, whichever is higher, subject to the maximum dividend permitted under the extant legal provisions and the conditions mentioned in the aforesaid memorandum.


Midhani seeks to enter the new markets of oil & gas, mining, power, railways, chemicals and fertilisers. The company is also positively looking at export opportunities.

Last but not least but very important point is that main expense of the company is cost of conversation is power / fuel

Fuel is taken from government public sector undertaking through competitive pricing and power is taken from state utility department. To reduce the cost of power, Company has invested in gas based power plant known as Andhra Pradesh Gas Power Corporation Limited and 4MW solar power plant and has applied for open access systems for starting the power trading to reduce the overall cost.
To ensure the reliable supply, company have a dedicated high power electricity line from Telangana State Transmission Company for it’s manufacturing facilities. It has installed 132/11 KV power transformers and one 132 KV switch yard for it’s manufacturing unit. It is also installing a second transmission line for high reliability.
However, for emergency, manufacturing facilities are also supported by four DG sets, one with a capacity 625 KV and three of capacities 500KV each, with the total aggregate capacity of 2,125 KV

Source : RHPROSPECTUS ( https://www.sebi.gov.in/sebi_data/attachdocs/mar-2018/1521178415613.pdf) and Company website and news articles

Disc: Not Invested Looking for lower valuations , I am not SEBI approved analyst .This is not any recommendation to buy or sell or hold


It has got recent order from Punjab police

In house journal


Thank you @yourraj for the detailed opening post. I, too, have been reading about MIDHANI and came across these important points from the latest Annual Report & May’19 Concall-
FY19 Annual Report Notes:

  • R&D expenditure of 30cr in FY19- Substantive investments have been made in R&D, according to the management, to enhance the productivity and to be at par with the global technological progress.

  • Exports of 8.05cr in FY19. Target of 40cr in FY20

  • Orders booked during the year- 1844cr. The composition of which is- Space- 1280cr, Defence- 184cr, Energy- 314cr, & Others- 65cr.

  • Outstanding order book at the end of FY19- 1660cr.

  • The important point to note is, and as mentioned in the first post too, that MIDHANI collaborates with its customers and its customers take part in the product development process. The result of which is that 90% of the orders are on nomination basis; only about 176cr of the total 1844cr orders booked during the year were through open competition. Since MIDHANI operates in a very niche segment and has little domestic competition, going ahead, this number becomes important to keep a track of.

  • Cost minimization efforts- We have successfully indigenized various grades of steels and also indigenously developed Automatic Billet Grinder, Mobile Grinder and LPG fired Furnaces. These initiatives have helped prevent outflow of foreign exchange. By using alternate input materials (i.e. scrap, plant reverts) MIDHANI could substitute ₹ 27.62 Cr. of imported raw material

  • Awarded two patents for the first time-

    • one for manufacturing “Fine grained Cobalt based alloy” and another for an invention entitled “Newly designed Air Hardening Alloy Steel”.
  • The company’s focus on Technology & R&D is highlighted by two key points in the AR:

    • MIDHANI signed MoU with M/s TUBACEX, a multinational group with headquarters in Alava, Spain on 17th January, 2019. The MoU would allow joint development of advanced materials
    • a dedicated team has been constituted to develop roadmap for Artificial Intelligence (AI) for alloy development and process optimization in your company.
  • Market for existing product basket:

    • HIGH VALUE SPECIALITY STEEL - Addressable market for MIDHANI is ~0.4 to 0.5 Lakh tons, coming from Defence, Power and Niche Engineering sectors.
    • TITANIUM ALLOY PRODUCTS- Titanium demand is dominated by Defence in India. The Titanium market size in India for FY18 is 3098 TPA and is expected to increase to 5231 TPA in the FY 25. MIDHANI is the only Titanium Alloy manufacturer in India.
    • Super Alloy- MIDHANI is one of the few players in India, rest all is imported. MIDHANI only has 1% of the existing market share.
  • Risk-

    • RM is volatile. Technology is constantly changing

    • Currently, majority of MIDHANI’s business (4/5th of volumes) comes from High performance steel. Going forward, this market segment is expected to witness high competition from private companies with similar/substitute products.

    • Lack of additional primary melting facilities like Vacuum Induction Melting Furnace, Vacuum Arc Melting Furnace and compacting press may prove to be bottleneck in the long run.

    • High debtor days- High accumulation of Debtors is primarily on account of higher sales in the fourth quarter and the budgets getting exhausted at customers’ end, which are primarily Government Departments / agencies.

Q4FY19 Concall Notes
Disc- I couldn’t find the transcript and might have misheard certain things.

  • The management indicated that for the first time they executed such a large percent of the existing order book. The lead time of order delivery which was around 3 years before has come down to 6-14 months now. Some orders get executed within 6 months also.

  • The company started FY18 & FY19 with a very low order book of 532cr and 539cr, respectively. Yet, FY18 revenue was 662cr & FY19 revenue was 711cr. They are starting FY20 order book with 1660cr and are confident to touch 850cr in FY20.

  • MIDHANI is a Tier-3 supplier. They supply to components manufacturers of ISRO, DRDO, and other agencies.

  • RM situation- RM is booked on Fixed Price Contract (FPC). He mentioned that they have FPC for almost all RM required for existing order book

    • RM prices were high in the first 9-months of FY19. They started softening starting Jan’19.
    • Very little dependence on China & no dependence on Rare Earth materials
    • No dependency on one particular country
    • Whenever order is received, RM is booked immediately
    • Generally, forex does not have significant impact of RM pricing
  • Inventory rose sharply at the end of FY19 because orders worth100cr were not dispatched as clearances from customers were not received. Rest is RM stockpile.

  • Major Customer- ISRO

    • ISRO’s employees work with MIDHANI & know their entire processes & capabilities. Working for over 4 decades with ISRO now
    • Previous orders are set as benchmark for pricing
    • Negotiation does happen. ISRO mostly knows their cost structure.
    • ISRO has ambitious programs lined up. Each flight has 25-30cr of MIDHANI’s products. Products that MIDHANI suppluy to ISRO is only supplied by them.
  • Competition-

    • Competition is difficult to set in
    • Huge capex requirements and there is a 2 years lag between capex coming online & revenue starts coming in
    • These advantages to sustain in the medium term
    • Margin profile is on case-to-case basis.
  • Capex- 400cr+ capex planned for the next 2 years

    • This 400cr does not include capex in JV with NALCO.

      • 50:50 JV with NALCO called Utkarsha Aluminium Dhatu Nigam Ltd. 4000-4500cr project. Both will infuse 170cr equity. 70% to be funded by debt & the rest by debentures. This project could take up to 4-5 years. MoU signed in Aug’19.
      • seeks to cater to electric vehicle and defence manufacturers through value-added manufacturing
    • Wide Plate Mill- To get commissioned by Q1FY21. This is a customer funded capex. Investment made by customer of around 500cr.

      • There is no pricing or volume obligation. They are allowed to supply to other customers as well
      • They are trying to sub-contract this capacity to an outside vendor to run and maintain this plant.
    • Construction of Spring Manufacturing Plant in the existing facility- Q3FY20 plant is expected to commssion. 30-35cr annual sales.

    • Development of Armour unit at Rohtak- End of FY20

    • We only take projects that have an IRR of 20%+

    • Carbon Fiber Plant- No details on this

    • Tungsten Powder Plant with NMDC-

      • Taken a backseat currently
      • NMDC was putting equity stake and MIDHANI was a small partner
      • Now they are planning to set up a plant somewhere outside India and import Tungsten powder to India from that plant as Tungsten is not available in India

News Articles & Management Interview:

  • Revenues to be around 850-900cr. H1 300cr revenues booked. March is the best quarter

  • Margin profile and order profile to be same as last year

  • Liquidity issues- no significant improvement. The company is in regular talks with the govt. & govt. agencies but there is a liquidity crunch with the govt. currently.

    • Debtor days to remain around 180cr
  • Current order book of 1850cr, around 70% is ISRO

  • New order to the tune of 350-400cr are expected to come in H2FY20.

  • Current requirement of Cobalt is there in the inventory, Nickel needs to be sourced, Nickel is at an all-time high. Still the company is confident of maintaining the same margins as FY19.

  • Rohtak plant there is a slight delay. Should commercialise by end of H1FY21. 25-30cr revenues expected initially

Found some articles on how the company has been working in the area of bio­ medical technology for development and manufacture of Titanium bio-implants, using advanced technologies as employed for aerospace applications.

  • They had been commercially testing their products for over 10 years and have entered into a MoU with Hindustan Antibiotics Ltd for marketing these products. They weren’t aggressive in this area as they did not have the marketing capabilities and expertise.
  • Their products are being used by prominent hospitals, like Cancer Institute, Chennai, Apollo Hospital, Hyd, Kamineni Hospital, Hyd, Osmania General Hospital, Hyd, Gandhi Hospital, Hyd, Tata Memorial Centre, Mumbai, BIRRD Hospital, Tirupati, etc.
  • They have developed, manufactured and commercialized about 135 types of implants in more than 1060 variants.
  • Despite having such a large number of products in its line-up, the company’s sales in this segment did not cross even Rs 1 crore mark.
  • But with this agreement, we are hopeful of increasing bio-implant sales to Rs 5 crore in the first year of agreement. Our target is to take this number to Rs 100 crore in five years.

Conclusion- MIDHANI is present in a very niche segment and has a long history with its customers, the major one being ISRO. There is a huge customer concentration risk. It’s revenues are dependent on the projects undertaken by the Space, Defence & Aerospace organisations in India. The company’s order book is robust and is mainly on nomination basis. The company’s efforts to diversify this risk can be seen by the multiple projects coming up by FY22 but there is no clarity on the kind of revenues these capex will bring in. Therefore, fixed asset turns could go down going ahead. The most interesting point to be noted is that a large capex of 500cr is being funded by DRDO and Ordnance Factory Board. MIDHANI is trying to grow its export revenues, too. Key risks to monitor will be debtor days going ahead, RM prices of cobalt and nickle, and new orders coming in from organisations other than ISRO.

Disc: Tracking, not invested.


Resignation of Sanjeev Singhal, the CFO of the company came in on 7/01/2020. He will be joining as Director (finance) in Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Limited.

Thanks for your inputs and really good to see your digups .There are some more inputs…

The pity of the govt sector is that there is no fixed person for a role every individual have their own aspirations nd goals but they move i am sharing most recent resignation of Sh Sanjeev Singhal, Director (Finance), MIDHANI

The MIDHANI dos not have a structure to work on aggressive basis but working in prudent manner . Being the PSU they have to take al the sanctions and even to spend a single dime they have to get the budget approval this will cause hindrances to it’s growth . The operation is sensitive and secretive in nature which keep the competitors at the bay . But Adani is working aggressively on the defense sector and have close proximity with current government can leads to more disinvestment of the NIGAM Which can be a future threat for the sustainability of the operations but IT MIGHT not happen .

The next thing that you have pointed out regarding the order book. The order book does not guarantee that the production will be done on schedule date or not. if not than some demerge penalty clause of contract will come in to the picture even in the RHP they have mentioned that ,”We cannot assure you that we will be able to deliver all of our existing orders on schedule and that the order book will materialize into our revenue. Investors should not consider our order book as an accurate indicator of our future performance or future revenue. “and further the company has mentioned that ,” Most of our revenue is derived from the work performed under government contracts. While we believe that our programmes are well aligned with India’s national defence and other priorities, shifts in domestic spending and tax policy, changes in security levels, defence, and intelligence priorities, general economic conditions and developments, and other factors may affect a decision to fund, or the amount of funding available to, existing or proposed defence programmes.”

Regarding [quote=“aga.ayush11, post:3, topic:27073”]

High debtor day

[/quote] in page 22 of the annual report they have mentioned that they have improved the debt collection and the most of the debt is from most recent quarter

“ Debt collection was taken up as a focus area for the FY 2018-19. Trade receivable as “No. of Days Sales” has come down to 181 days as on 31.03.2019 compared to 227 days as on 31.03.2018. High accumulation of Debtors is primarily on account of higher sales in the fourth quarter and the budgets getting exhausted at customers’ end, which are primarily Government Departments / agencies”

On R&D front the main expenses is on filing of patents and trademarks in page 23 they mentioned

“ 50 Trademarks/Copy Rights and 9 patents were filed during the year and an Innovation cell under “Center of Excellence- Special Materials” was created to promote Innovation and creativity at MIDHANI.”

I couldn’t find any patents for the company on patents.google .com

The major weakness of Midhani are that Plant and Equipment are age old. There is lack of economies of scale leading to high incidence of overheads and produce on costs. Lack of adequate and matching downstream facilies. Long production cycle. Processing of small lots of various grades requiring tailor made operations. Production on normally involves product development involving long lead times.

Disc: I am studying and digging more before making any investment still I am sitting on the bay This is not any buy or sell of hold recommendation


Midhani_Q3FY20_concall tgt 342 icici direct.pdf (404.3 KB)

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Screener Does not pull out the full data for midhani. The numbers before the ipo. Compiled all the numbers in screener data sheet format so it can be useful. Enclosing the data sheet.

Please Note:- Tried my best for the correctness of data. I would not be responsible in any errors in the same. Please do your own due diligence.

I Hope it helps everyone.

Book1.xlsx (16.0 KB)


These could play out due to corona ?

And they have had to bear delayed delivery hazards in the past. This is big risk in this business. Less innovation of products and delay in delivery.

Screenshot 2020-03-10 at 5.43.31 PM



Which private players are engaged in the manufacture of speciality steel or super alloys or titanium alloys (the 3 primary product categories of MIDHANI)?

Supreme engineering… An SME company has similar profile to the best of my understanding

Midhani makes a turnaround

In the last Quarter, midhani is able to generate the highest level of EBITDA margins in his history.
Moreover, they were also able to tie-up with Lockheed Martin which can help them to develop advance systems.

I see an increase in order book and a chance for rerating for this stock. What do other things?

Disc: invested with a small quantity, planning to add more at lower valuation.

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I see Technological Moat with Midhani, I figure few reasons are below.
1/ Only company who produces Ni and Ti alloy steel, remember they are providing direct substitute of imported material which is very expensive.
2/ They hold patent to produce specific brands. their research department is very active to develop new material according to customers need.
3/ They produces Bulletproof jackets, patka and vehicles placed material which is build using very special material develop by Bhabha atomic center for them.
4/ Midhani is certified with AS9001 standard this means they are qualified supplier for space and aerospace companies. Currently passenger industry is downward trend but defense aircraft is in growth phase this is what i observe their strategic collaboration with Lockheed Martin ( need to observe in future )
5/ In Q32020 investor concall MD and CEO Mr. SK Jha said that they are exploring business possibility in Additive manufacturing.

10% Governmental OFS is overhang for this company else i don’t see any issue in execution and order books are in good condition. Their Current Capex plan may provide dual engine of growth in future.

Disc - Invested & my points may be bias please do your own research.


Anyone here is aware when the capacity for this company is going to come onboard

Wide Plate Mill- Game Changer? (Based on Q1 & Q2 FY21-22 concall)
• First of its kind mill in India that can process plates of titanium alloy and special steel alloy which are very high margin business.
• 30000 tons p.a capacity. Currently running at 60% capacity.
• Customer funded project. Rs.450cr funded by 2 customers – DRDO & Ordnance factory. Rs.
50cr by Midhani.
• What can be a game changer by the end of Q4FY22?
Improved product mix- Currently it is supplying to railways, LNG at a very low margin at 60% capacity. The Capacity is expected to peak by the end of Q4FY22 after which the facility can be used for commercial purpose. The company plans to improve the product mix by producing high end alloys. They plan to increase exports as well produce value-added products by integrating it with their new armour facility at Rohtak.
Cost savings -Some of the products that are currently being outsourced will be manufactured in-house now. This will result in savings in terms of 1) outsourcing cost (25cr this year). 2) transportation cost and reduced production timings.
• Import substitution - Some of the plates are currently being imported into the country. Here, there is no competition in India. Co. is building inventory to takeover any order of those plates which are currently being imported.


Note: Not invested, only in watch list.


MIDHANI, the bits that might help you increase or decrease your holdings.

As posters have already done, they do specialty alloys, especially “molly” alloys. Molybdenum

Now Titanium, used in aircraft spars and support; Ti is notoriously difficult to work with, only Russians seem to have the process methods and they only sell, not share the decades old experience in working with Ti. So, if MIDHANI does really gained experience with working on it, it’s a real “defense” moat.

MIDHANI can get sanctioned by USA anytime, they’ve already been once after the nuke tests

Whatever stuff they make as alloys has 99% likelihood a defence need or a big import substitution story. If they announce a breakthrough alloy, check the web for the alloy, you’ll see something to do with defence or key usage alloy made by 2-3 firms only worldwide.

R & D (midhani-india.in)

The correlation is mostly more defence spending, better MIDHANI does especially if new ships and large structures are ordered


Their business is depend on mostly with ISRO and from couple of years defense segment become priority & shift, i am curiously to see development with Nalco for aluminum alloys and Bulletproof jacket business.

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I was reading up about Mishra Dhatu, and certain questions cropped up about the PSU’s business, I was wondering if the community out here could help me out with them.

Now my questions and concerns mainly revolve around the raw material risk the company faces, including:

  1. What is the percentage breakup of domestic and international raw material procurement?

  2. What is the quantity and value of raw materials we have procured?

  3. Where do we source our raw materials from? How do we plan on mitigating raw material risk, especially with respect to the raw materials we get from China?Is it because of this raw material risk the management is inclining towards the production of low-alloy and stainless steel via the Wide Plate Mill, instead of high margin products such as Nickel and Titanium Alloys?

  4. If we continue to rely on imports, are we doing anything to protect ourselves from both, increases in raw material costs and the chances that a change in political environment may lead to complete cessation of the supply of raw material used for strategic purposes?

I do have a vague idea about some of these, but I don’t have enough concrete facts to make an investment decision. Any insights will be appreciated!

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Source :


Comments are welcome on MIDHANI.

Good price action and volume for last 1 week.

Momentum building up with Defence sector growth in India.