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Rajratan Global - Analysis from Concall

Disclaimer: This is just an organized digital version of my notes taken while attending Q4 2019 Concall and browsing through other articles related to Rajratan. Please do not take facts and figures with 100% accuracy. I may have heard the conference call wrong while listening. I have noted it down just to get a mental picture about how this business is generally doing, and also to study the tyre bead wire business in general. This is by no means a stock recommendation. I hold this stock in my portfolio. I am not a Registered SEBI Research Analyst. I do this out of pure passion.

Essential Financials
Market Cap: Rs.330 Crores
P/E:12.5; ROCE: 15%; ROE: 15%; Sales Growth (3 yrs): 8%; D/E: 0.9; Interest Coverage: 4.15
Profit Growth (3 years): 107%; Profit Growth (10 years): 34.5%; Pledged Shares: 0%;
Promoter Holding: 63.5%; Change in Promoter holding (3 yrs): +1.22%

• Rajratan is the second largest bead wire manufacturer in Asia (Excluding China). Bead wire is a critical component in all types of tyres. It holds the tyre to the rim while resisting inflated pressure. 84% of this company’s revenue is from Bead wires.
• Rajratan manufactures High Carbon Steel wires too. 13% of the revenue comes from this segment.
• It has got two manufacturing units located in Indore (Management claims that it is deal for Pan India Supplies) and Ratchaburi, Thailand located near to customers and ports (Ideal for Exports). It’s Thailand Capacity increased from 26000 TPA to 34800 TPA. It also added 8000 sq metres of warehousing capacity. It appointed a consultant to plug organisational gaps and build a stronger team.
Why Thailand as a manufacturing hub for the Tyre Industry?
Thailand is Asia’s largest tyre manufacturing hub. Rajratan is the only manufacturer of bead wires in Thailand. Thailand is emerging as the world’s largest tyre manufacturing base. 37% of global raw rubber supply is from Thailand leading to significantly lower prices for raw materials. US tariffs on Chinese tyres is a booster shot for Thailand Tyre Industry. There are large investments made by global tyre players in Thailand. Thai Tyre market is estimated to grow $3 billion by 2022. This means that around 12-14% growth is expected per year in Thailand till 2022.
• Almost all major tyre manufacturers (including Indian) are clients of this company.
• Positive Sectoral Outlook:
Around Rs.51,000 Crores Investments in Tyre Industry;
Anti-Dumping Duties on Chinese Tyre Imports to India;
Trebling of Indian Automotive Industry size to around Rs.16 – 18 lakh Crores by 2026 (Contributing to almost 12% of GDP) and Increasing Export value to more than US$ 80 billion (Around Rs.5,40,000 crores ) according to Automotive Mission Plan, 2026.
• Sticky Customers: 85% of revenue generated from customers of >5 years.
• Rajratan grew at 3x Industrial growth rate during 2018-19 while also is soon going to achieve 72000-tonne capacity from 36000 capacity couple of years back. This capacity expansion has led to enhanced customer confidence and retention.
• Equity at Rs. 10 Face Value is Rs.4.35 Crores. 63.5% of shares owned by Promoters.
• RoCE for Rajratan is around 19 for FY19 compared to 16 in FY18. The current EBITDA margin is 10.98%. This is depended upon steel prices.
• It reduced Debt Costs from 11.5% in FY15 to 9% in FY19. Interest Coverage ratio went up from 1.35 in FY15 to a healthy 4.15 in FY19.
One of the Competitors in India Shutdown around Feb 2019. They had a debt of around Rs.250 crore. They had a capacity of 8000-9000 tonne per year for tyre bead wire. This will create an opportunity for higher growth and pricing power in the coming 2 years. (It takes around 2 years for any new capacity to come alive).

Other competitors in India are Tata Steel and Aarti Steels. Presently, both are running in full capacity. Foreign competitors are primarily from Malaysia, Vietnam and China. Possibility for new competitors is low because the learning curve is too long for this industry.

Raw Materials
The major raw material is Steel. Last year, the cost of Steel increased by around 25%. Rajratan purchases steel on a monthly basis. Increase in Raw Material cost is passed around to the customers in the next quarter.

Pricing Power
It is estimated that around 3% of a tyre’s manufacturing cost is Bead wires. Due to this, pricing is not a major issue for suppliers. It is quality that matters for suppliers.

  • Past Performance
    Rajratan registered a growth of 41% in Revenue which included 22% Volume Growth over FY18. EPS increased by 56% over FY18. Rajratan had charged all interest expenses to Profit & Loss Statements in last year.

It was asked by one of the participants about why despite a price hike and volume hike, the sales across all quarters in FY18-19 were flat. Management didn’t have a proper answer then and told that it will be clarified later to the questioner later. Management had also said that Rajratan had compromised growth in India up till 2015 for survival and they turned around their Thai operations during this period. This led to an increase in revenue from them. Investments in Thailand happened in 2009, and it took 4 to 5 years to become profitable. (CARE rating says it got profitable after 6 years.)

Entry Barriers
Entry Barriers in this industry are quite high. Management expects that there will be further consolidation in the industry. Bead wire has a very long approval cycle. It takes around 10 years to get approval in Japan. Tata Steel is yet to get approval. Rajratan is in the process of getting approvals from new customers. Yokohama has already approved Rajratan as its supplier. Michelin may approve Rajratan in a few years.

Creating a greenfield capacity won’t be viable for new companies. It costs $1000/tonne/year for new capacity addition according to claims of Rajratan management (Almost Rs.70000 per tonne). In comparison, Rajratan is able to add the same capacity at Rs.14,000/tonne due to its existing working plants. Minimum 25000 – 30000 tonnes per annum is required for breakeven capacity, and it will cost Rs.150-200 Crores for the same. In such a scenario, according to management during concall, RoCE shall be less than 10% which makes it not viable for new players to enter. The ability for Rajratan to add capacity at low cost remains key for its competitiveness. Learning Curve is too long in this industry which shall effectively become another entry barrier.

Customers always prefer to have their suppliers to be near to their locations for ensuring consistent and regular supplies. This also enables to keep the logistics costs lesser for the suppliers. However, it may not be viable for suppliers to keep plants near to those customers with low volume requirements.
Without a big benefit, customers like MRF do not have an incentive to switch. It will take 2-3 years to ensure quality.
Market Size

  • Indian Market has a cumulative capacity of 120000 tonnes. It is unknown whether this capacity is exclusive of the shutdown capacity by Rajratan’s competitor.
  • Thailand Market size is around 95000 tonnes. They mainly import from Malaysia, Vietnam and China. In this, around 70000 tonnes is from Trucks and Buses Radials (TBR).
  • Rajratan claims a market share of 40% of bead wire market share in India.
    Capacity Expansion
    Rajaratnam expects the capacity to be doubled to 72000 tonnes by next quarter. In this, the bead wire capacity shall be 60000 tonnes. Around Rs.20 Crores of Capex remains to be invested out of the total Rs.50 Crore marked for doubling capacity. Roughly, this amounts to around Rs.1 Crore required for expanding capacity by 720 tonnes for Rajratan. It’s around Rs.14,000 per tonne.
    In Thailand, no additional capex is required. Total Capacity of Rajratan (India + Thailand) after expansion becomes 106800 TPA.

In FY21, Rajaratnam expects peak level production in India to be around 65000 tonnes out of a total capacity of 72000 tonnes total proposed capacity in India.

  • Future Projections by Management
    Management is fairly confident of 20% - 30% growth in volume for next 2 years with an EBITDA margin of 12% - 12.5% (Compared to 11% this year). Competitor Shutdown in India shall be a significant catalyst in India due to the vacuum of 8000-9000 tonnes in capacity. Major capex of around Rs.25000 crores – Rs.30000 crores is done by tyre companies (around extra Rs.20000 crores in the next 5 years). Even then, the tyre industry is operating at 70%-80% capacity utilization. This should be another big catalyst for growth. According to Industry estimates, Indian auto markets shall be growing at 12% up till 2026. Management expects debt to go up by Rs.10 -15 Crores in the immediate future for remaining capex. However, later, debt will come down.

Rajratan shall also be developing new products, expanding to other growing markets and sourcing business from new tyre companies investing in the servicing markets. These shall be the growth drivers beyond the next couple of years.

Sales Volume Breakup as heard and understood from Concall.
Volume (Tonnes)
Q4 FY19 11021 7000
FY19 40019 25186
FY18 33105 22274
Share of Purchase from Rajratan by Customers for bead wire
Apollo MRF CEAT BKC Bridgestone
50% 50% 70% 80% 80%
Customer Concentration: Around 80% of revenue comes from the top 5 customers. (MRF accounts for 25% of sales in that).
Working Capital may not be able to be reduced beyond a level.

My Thoughts

  • Rajratan offers solid visibility in growth for the next 3 years of at least 10%-12% (Claims of up to 30% growth by Management).
  • Moats in terms of Learning Curve and Switching Costs. High Entry Barriers exist in business. Consolidation in the industry should occur. New suppliers are always looked at with suspicion by customers and it will take time to gain trust. Pricing Power is with the Seller. Price of Bead Wires is just 3% of Cost of Tyre for Customers. It is quality that matters for customers. Increase in raw material cost should not affect this company wildly.
  • Rajratan holds around 40% market share for bead wires in India. Going beyond 50-60% will be quite difficult. Rajratan should look at geographical expansion for new markets.
  • Logistics cost shall be a problem for exporting to far places in big quantities. Also, new greenfield plants shall be costlier than increasing existing capacity. It will be interesting to see what management does to overcome the dilemma.
  • I do not see any existential problems for this company for the next 5 years. However, without new products or new geographies or low-cost capacity additions, sustainable high growth period will be impossible.
  • As per my rough calculations(after swallowing management guidance in numbers), Net Profit should be somewhere around Rs.50-60 Crores for FY21-22 which makes it a doubling candidate in market cap by then based on current P/E. Based on basic DCF done in a piece of paper (It doesn’t matter whether we use fancy excel or a piece of paper as long as logic is the same), I believe current price after in 3 years discounted terms could be anywhere between 720 to 1500 (i.e. Intrinsic Value having 5% downside to up to 100% upside from current price).

Disclosure of Holding: I hold this share in my portfolio
Key Risk Analysis:

  1. This stock is a small cap stock. We should expect liquidity troubles.
  2. I do not see any existential problems for this company for the next 5 years. However, without new products or new geographies or low-cost capacity additions, sustainable high growth period will be impossible.
  3. Any levels of auto slowdown should affect this company
  4. I have written this article with a biased attitude in favour of the management.

Geordie Job Pottas
@geordiejob” - AnAnthem In Equity


How you compare it’s business quality with respect to Oriental Carbon

Oriental carbon a very steady compounder

Red flag on Management:

Sebi has in past imposed fine on the promoter for their alleged failure to make timely disclosures about their acquisition of shares.

If we analyse business than valuation wise the prospects are great…but what if its is a bad management in a good business.

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My takeaways from AR

If the demand outlook remains muted,
we believe we will be able to carve
away the market share of existing
players on account of larger bead
wire capacity, strong order book
(especially in Thailand), enduring
customer relationships and a portfolio
of high-end bead wire addressing the
needs of some of the most demanding

Conservative yet Aggressive:
Rajratan doubled capacity in its Indian
operations at a project cost 50% of the
global benchmark for an equivalent
greenfield capacity
Rajratan followed a prudent
practice of drawing only half of
its working capital sanctioned
amount. The company did not
embark on an expansion until
80% of the term loan related to
its previous expansion had been
repaid. The company generated
25% of its expansion outlay
from accruals and 32.68% from
government subsidies (to be
received across seven years), derisking the expansion.

Thailand enjoys
attractive raw material availability for
the manufacture of tyres. Following
the imposition of anti-dumping
duties by some countries on Chinese
tyre exports, large Chinese tyre
manufacturers have commissioned
capacities in Thailand.The company is the only bead wire
manufacturer in Thailand; a proposed
expansion could service additional

Need to Watch closely at 2024:
Rajratan enjoys a tax hedge for eight years
on its Thai operations for all production in
excess of 22,000 TPA, which is expected to
expire by 2025

Q2 Fy21 presentation. Good results. Presentation drives lot of confidence in its future.


concall notes Q2 FY21

  1. Margins two factors – selling price has improved
    Our manufacturing cost has come down
  2. Market share has gone in India to 50 % , from 38 -39%
  3. Size has made us more profitable
  4. Increase in prices of RM due to import duty on RM
  5. In Thailand we import 50 % RM from China it is duty free
  6. In India we are not importing right now RM
  7. India GM better
  8. 12,000 tonnes from India in quarter
  9. 25,000 tonnes per quarter Indian market
  10. 100% capacity utilization was not achieved
  11. 57-58 % market share also in some of the months we had achieved
  12. One other player closed down
  13. Passed impact of RM till Sept , customers were kind enough to accept immediately. Since we give on time supplies
  14. Salaries will be increased this year as company is doing well
  15. Promoters have cut down salary by 25 % which will continue
  16. 12,000 tonnes – 1,900 high carbon wire ; rest is bead wire
  17. Present margin – increasing capacity will improve margins
  18. At current price levels we are seeing big demand
  19. 50 cr for expansion in Thailand
  20. 3cr will be land for expansion in Thailand
  21. ROCE will go up significantly in Thailand
  22. Thailand issues currently are very far from our place, not affecting us at all
  23. We have revised sales target for the year. Will definitetly suprass last year numbers inspite of 2 months close
  24. India – 60,000 for bead wires, 12,000 blackwires
  25. Thailand – 38,400 capcity
  26. Today india bead wire – 50,000 run rate, 80 % utilization will do balancing equipment, Thailand – 32,000 ton runrate
  27. Robust order book
  28. 40,000 ton expansion for Thailand
  29. Our market share in Thailand below 20 % , so lot of headroom available in Thailand locally.
  30. 60,000 ton in Thailand will take 2 years
  31. Sales target for next 2 years- 15- 20 % CAGR
  32. Bead wire goes in all tyres
  33. Good demand in replacement market
  34. 70 % tyre demand comes from replacement market
  35. Volume commitment are there for a year , price can change
  36. Rajratan only company expanding in this sector.
  37. No new greenfield capacity coming up
  38. Michelin under approval process
  39. Yokohama will supply from Thailand
  40. In Thailand we compete with China , local Thai companies buy from China
  41. Market in Thailand mostly MNCs
  42. Top 3 customers revenue contributions – more than 50 % sales in India
    MRF, Apollo, Ceat
  43. 80-85% revenue from existing customers
  44. Utilization of our competitors – Aarti Steel had issues due to strike in Punjab
  45. We are not opportunistic with our long term customers
  46. Realizations – 15 % yoy improvement
  47. I can commit for 3 years – 15 % CAGR growth
  48. Tax holiday is over in Thailand
  49. Enhanced capacity – 21,000 beyond not paying tax
    This enhanced capacity will go up
    Avg rate of tax will be 16-17% in Thailand
  50. Receivable cycle had gone up , now normal
  51. Debt free- not now as we are going for expansion
  52. Truck wire- 2.5 kg of bead wire
  53. New investment in Thailand will be tax free
  54. 2.5/3 % cost of bead wire to cost of manufacturing a tyre
    Disc - invested

Wrote a detailed report on Rajratan Global Wires Ltd this month.
The report includes info abt the global competitors, notes and snippets from the Annual Report of one of the largest bead wire manufacturer of the world, details on production capacity and capex plans & future growth drivers.


Can their Coil and Springs cater to Railways ?
Just like Frontier Springs


Thanks for the information posted in this thread on Raj Ratan specifically and Tyre Bead Wire (TBW) Industry in general. My questions:

  1. For a company enjoying 50% market share already in India, where is further room for growth? Should it be assumed that growth can continue only with expansion of tyre industry (specifically commercial vehicles where majority of TBW is consumed) which is highly cyclical in nature.
  2. Is it fair to assume that in India, performance of company/profit margins have dependence on government policy like Antidumping duty on TBW and Truck / Bus Tyres which protects it from Chinese competition?

Acquisition by Promoters

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Some positive development for Rajratan as per recent credit rating report

In response to the anti-dumping duties (ADD) imposed by the US on China, several Chinese tyre manufacturers have incrementally set up their manufacturing units in Thailand, where they are required to procure a certain minimum raw material requirement through the local manufacturers. This has directly aided Rajratan Thailand’s sales with the company being able to capture business from these Chinese tyre manufacturers in a short span.


Excellent result by Rajratan
Highest ever revenue and profit

Revenue = 183.6 Cr
PBT = 25.5 Cr
PAT = 23.2 Cr

FY 2020 EPS = 32
FY 2021 EPS = 52.
Massive growth in EPS .

Dividend decaled Rs. 8 per share

New manufacturing site in South India

e1286b2c-3b85-4b56-8a92-5210212a3a81.pdf (1.7 MB)

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Yearly comparisons are meaningless but there is very healthy growth on a qoq basis as well,sales up 15% and EBITDA up 23%.If I adjust for the low tax rate in Q4,then also company should be able to do 72-75cr. kind of PAT on such sales base(though there should most likely be growth) Q1 could be weaker due to Covid 2nd wave but Thailand subsidiary should be insulated from the impact.With capacity expansion at Thailand,new plant coming up in South India and a leadership position in bead wire segment the prospects over coming years look very good.Bear in mind that India auto volumes for FY21 were at a 6 year low and degrew double digit yoy,this performance is inspite of that(RR sales up ~15% in fy21) Promoters increased stake a few weeks back.

Cash flows could’ve been better and need to understand the reasons for the weakness.Key monitorable remains the import ban in Thailand and the kind of capex requirements the expansions will need.So far we don’t have the outlay.Concall should give more clarity.

Investor ppt:

Disc.: Invested.Views are very biased.


Stellar Performances continues.
Low tax rate has augmented EPS.

Rajratan call concluded about an hour back. Some highlights:

→ Q4 was best ever quarter on consol basis led by all time high volumes at both Thailand and India plants.India volumes ~42,000 T and Thailand volumes ~30,000 T.Some debottlenecking will add 10% more at Thailand.

→ Plan to expand capacity in Thailand by ~75%.Demand is very strong due to freight and logistic related issues which is making end customers prefer domestic suppliers rather than imports.See a very strong volume opportunity in Thailand being the only domestic supplier.Market share to be 30% vs. 20% in 1 year.Total capex of 65-70cr. over 2 years.If need be,can borrow at very good rates in Thailand.

→ While stocking up a warehouse for a client in South India,got to know that demand is way too high and logistics is making supplies difficult from the MP plant.South India plant is being brought up on insistence of clients so expect fast approvals and ramp-up.The plant will be a replica of the existing 60,000 T plant company has since they know how to operate at that scale.This size will also give economies of scale.Plant will also be used for exports.

→ Have been able to enter the US market over the last 6 months. US is world’s 2nd largest market for bead wires behind China. WC is a bit stretched since exports have risen.

→ In talks with Michelin for supplying bead wires. Test batches currently and final approval will take 3 years. This will be more strategic rather than commercial since volumes will be small,but approval will help in accessing more MNC clients.

→ There is a global shortage of bead wires since China has been consuming all it’s volumes domestically and exports are almost nil. Moreover,US companies are looking for ‘China+1’ players thus benefitting companies like Rajratan.

→ Company expects tyre industry to grow 7-8% cagr over next 3-4 years.This will also expand the bead wire market from current 120,000 T to 150,000 T. Expect 2-2.5x asset turns at South India plant at peak utilization.

→ Owing to shortage in market,spreads are high and company expects them to sustain at current levels assuming RM costs remain unchanged(any changes will be passed on)

→ RM pass through used to take place on a quarterly basis but now happening much faster.At worst see a quarter delay in passing on prices.As of now,some clients are giving hikes within a month as well.

→ Sector macro looks very good. Short,small lockdowns will give breathing space to Rajratan to stock up for clients and make some efficiency improvements. A lot of digitization is taking place in how things are managed at the company. Will try to maintain current EBITDA margins. “Conservatively” expect 25% revenue CAGR over next 3-4 years.Demand is very high.

→ Company has ambitious growth plans for FY22 and sees Covid to be the only risk.

Overall,both Yash and Sunil Chordia were upbeat about Thailand as well as India operations.Bead wire is a bit of a niche segment with consolidated markets in most geographies.

Disc.: Invested. Views are biased.


Interesting management interview

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The growth seems to be good for the past 5 years, will the company be able to sustain the growth and margin will be something to watch for. June quarter may be worrying as Covid has hit India as well as Thailand heavily. Recovery need to be on track from Q2 to sustain the growth.

The thing to worry about will be debt and any increase in debt can make things go wrong fundamentally

Having done a capex in thailand is a positive one for the future growth of the company. It would be good if the management can expand its geographical presence.

disc. invested (major bet)

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