The peak of pessimism was policy paralysis during 2013( I was in infra financing n files were literally not moving) . That time NIFTY touched 5000 I think. From 2013, with a 5 percent EPS growth in 5 years (NIFTY EPS from 328 TO 390 between March 2013 to current in 4.5 years) , it turns out to be around 6500.
So, now if we consider today’s time without any pessimism or optimism, how much extra would we add to 6500. Let us say the range of swing of optimism and pessimism is between 30 to 40% which means +15 to20% on optimism and -15 to 20%on pessimism. So, considering now, 6500 was pessimistic number of last 5-6 years, let us add 15% to it and we are almost 1000 points up. So, 7500 should be the NIFTY value without much bias.
Now, what is the bias. When growth base is lower n many of indicators n structural reforms are looking to be in place, then, historical chances of bubble has been lower and vice versa when economy grows at super high rate for multiple years and every thing is glittering gold, chances of bubble formation are high. The current situation seems none of the two but the 1st situation with super high optimism. So, the bias is over optimism of this future performance. So, from current 10,000-10,400 points, based on NIFTY performance and removing all such bias, the maximum possible correction I see is :
- -5% EPS growth - very less probability ( lower growth base ): 10,200 (avg) to 7100 (-5% from 7500): 30% gap
- 0% EPS growth - Low probability ( lower growth base ): 10,200 (avg) to 7500 (0% from 7500): 26% gap
- 5% EPS growth - Medium probability ( lower growth base ): 10,200 (avg) to 7100 (5% from 7500): 23% gap
- 10% EPS growth - High probability ( lower growth base ): 10,200 (avg) to 8200 (10% from 7500): 19% Gap this could be 2 years of optimism factored in
- 15% EPS growth - Medium probability ( lower growth base ): 10,200 (avg) to 8625 (15% from 7500): 15% Gap. this could be 1 year of optimism factored in
So, if EPS grows at 10-15%, I do not see any chances of major correction beyond 10%-15% which will make overall market fairly valued and pockets of opportunities may emerge. The trouble starts with less than 5% growth which may need 25% type of correction and may lead to turning of over optimistic sentiments into over pessimistic sentiments which may means more than 25% correction.
So, the Crux lies in future EPS growth and one has to do his own research.
I have tried to highlight the above method as a number driven, easy to understand approach which suited me to do this academically. Principally, I am a bottom fisher and I do not care much where is NIFTY going until and unless there are clear signs of bubble in overall market. I think there are major pockets of small bubble forming up and minor pockets of opportunities some value gap. So,
- On NIFTY basis, the odds to make big money is low, the odds to lose money is high on a NIFTY basis (time based correction could also be a loss of money if NIFTY stays range bound).
- The chances of 10-15% correction looks moderately possible even with a 10% growth which will make markets healthy
- 25% or bigger fall need some strong justification that why EPS growth would be muted as reforms is a lagging indicator and if one believes reforms are happening then lag effect should be visible in economic data sooner or later
- If NIFTY grows at 15%, the exuberance may continue and we might see earnings driven bull run (so far it has been optimism driven bull run from NIFTY perspective, history is evidence it has happened until the gradients of next bubble were formed)
4 On a stock to stock basis, all this does not matter until there is total bubble in overall market and view is limited to 1-2 years
So, for sure this is not a time to go all in cash and try to time the market. For 10-15% , healthy correction , a 20% cash position might be worth if someone invests by NIFTY logic. For bottom fishers, all this does not matter.
Counter comments with logical data based justifications are invited.