Manappuram Finance


(Ronak) #290

Hello,
My management posted a query - as to why Manappuram is trading at a discount to Muthoot Finance, inspite of the superior ROA & ROE posted by Manappuram. They asked me to dig deeper into the stats - for the past 12 Qtrs and compare them on parameters like NIM’s, Opex, Gross & Net NPA etc… I did the statistical analysis (all of it sourced from the Qtrly presentations / Concalls posted by company on their websites) to compare them and found no reason for Manappuram to trade at a discount to Muthoot. May be there is something amiss and needs deeper thinking. I am attaching herewith my analysis and would really appreciate community’s comments - Is the valuation gap justified or is the market pricing them incorrectly?Comparison of Muthoot Vs Manappuram - 2nd Aug 2017.xlsx (47.4 KB)


(Vivek) #291

@ronak Price to earnings of Muthoot is 15 and not 22
price to book 2.67 and not 3.3 for muthoot am i reading anything wrong here? report states different figures.

I think figures entered in excel for PE and price to book is of Muthoot capital services

Please correct me if I am reading it wrong. Thank you


(Ronak) #292

Hi…seems you are looking at standalone numbers for Muthoot finance…pls
check the consolidated stats…u need to click the consolidated tab and
then check the stats…


(Hitesh Patel) #293

Good comparision ronak,

I think part of the discount given to manappuram is because of the fact that muthoot is a bigger player with higher AUM, and more in terms of all other parameters. And even if the gap might not be too big to warrant such a disparity in valuations of both companies, usually markets do tend to give higher valuations to what it perceives to be the market leader.

Plus one difference I found in both cos was in case of muthoot, promoter holding is much higher at 73% as compared to manappuram’s 34%.

Both stocks have given a breakout and are quoting very close to their all time highs. I think valuation gap would remain for some more time unless manappuram demonstrates higher growth as compared to muthoot. These kind of valuation mismatch can often change within a few days as market is at heart an animal with big mood swings.


(Rajesh_R) #294

One of the reason could be 12% of Manappuram loan book is MFI which market perceives to be risky. Moreover, This can easily be offset by the fact that Manappuram loan term is only 3 months with 75% LTV. This ensures in case of default, both principal and interest can be recovered by auctions where as Muthoot’s 1 year loan can result in loss of some interest component.

I personally believe this gap will close down once Manappuram MFI loan book goes back to pre-DeMo NPA levels and HFC segment starts growing at a faster clip.


(Rajesh) #295

Also MFIs are reporting high NPAs, provisions derailing the express trains on this track. Examples are all MFIs like Ujjivan, BFSIL etc.
Disclosure- Invested.


(Kumar Saurabh) #296

Concall highlights:
MFI:

  1. state risk wise south and east r better. karnataka , maharastra, up and haryana r high risk states n would reduce exposure.

  2. south and east : 60-70% portfolio. formulated from april and following it

  3. 1235 crore till dec.balance is 600 crore :12% on that under risk which provisioned.

  4. Most of NPAs have been taken care of and do not expect any major shock going further

  5. Disbursements mode post Dec has 100% collection efficiency

  6. chance 10-15% provision may come back

  7. Provisioning is approx 33 crore above RBI limits and have not taken any RBI relaxation

I could not hear few points properly interms of 60 day NPA vs 90 Day NPA

Gold Loan
Was not satisfied with answer on why gold loan AUM is decling and why future looks good. There was no concrete answer for visibility

Security Charges:
security charges increased due to additional guards and additional time window for guarding. Looking for ways to redcue

New leadership hired to expand home loan business.

Got rating upgrade. With lower cost of funds and leveraging branch network and newly hired seasoned management, expect to grow home loan business

Q1 Result key concerns:

  1. MFI losses looks like provisioned but a 10% hit on book every 5 yeasr should be risk norm for a MFI
  2. Bigger concern is 3rd consecutive quarter of AUM fall and somehow did not find managements answer very convincing. Not sure if it is due to heated up competition or demonetization effect continuation or market saturation. Any views on this point?

(Yogesh Sane) #297

@suru27, thanks for taking efforts to post updates here.

I have been hearing this from many lenders for last several quarters and every time they say this is a one and done deal only to come back later with another big hit on the bottom line. Banks mastered this art with terms like watchlist to take the focus away from the plain old non-performing assets number. Now its turn of NBFCs. Every quarter there is some excuse. Next time it could be GST.

Like Yogi Berra said, it ain’t over till it’s over.


(Vivek Chaturvedi) #298

Same here…found the management arguments very uninspiring and the investor presentation makes for worrying reading…did anyone understand whether the security charges are going to be in similar range every quarter or was this a one off thing…the main thing in the stocks favour is the inexpensive valuation

Disclosure: Have a small position in the stock


(Kumar Saurabh) #299

Last qtr they had mentioned operating expense to AUM will come down to 5% but that can happen only if AUM grows or expense reduce


(8sarveshg) #300

Hi Hitesh,

Since I have been following this for a while, I can tell you with a reasonable amount of confidence about the valuation differences in Muthoot vs Manappuram. Muthoot is endowed with a better promoter and better risk management and cautious attitude, while Manappuram is endowed with a more risk-taking, more aggressive and less cautious promoter. So when the going is all clear, like it was before the demonetization led crisis, Manappuram appreciated faster and had a higher multiple than Muthoot also (which was labelled as slow growing especially because it took only baby steps towards MFI business). Now when the market found about risks in MFI business (which Manappuram had scaled up pretty quickly to double digit % of its book), it derated Manappuram and part of the money circulation (because there is a only two way to play this enormously high RoA business ie. gold loan business) went to Muthoot and it got re-rated. Otherwise there is no major change in the business fundamentals, gold loan is a safe and secure business except in case of quickly falling gold prices scenarios but there is not much growth - and microfinance has also been eating part of gold loan business. So both Manappuram and Muthoot recognize this and have been diversifying and the difference is just than Mana was ahead in the curve to diversify into MFI and got burnt while Muthoot was behind the curve because it took baby steps and got saved because of its slow timing. Overall, gold loan is a high RoA but low growth business and even with most banks and NBFCs exiting, if these two players are unable to grow fast then god knows when will growth come. However still the low valuation (relative given the massive re-rating of entire sector) might make it a good case for certain types of investors. But be aware that regulatory risk of any kind has always been an overhang on valuations.

Bottomline is that in a risk-on environment (which is the perception in the market currently for MFI exposed players), Muthoot P/B will be > than Manappuram. And in a risk-off environment (when MFI and any other such businesses which faced problems in the past will settle down and market will forget the risks of such a business), Manappuram will grow much faster than Muthoot and will command a premium over its slower cousing Muthoot.


(kna) #301

Hi Sarvesh,

I have been tracking MFIs for quite sometime. Based on this, worst seems to be behind in terms of NPL (new loans have ~100% collection for all MFIs). Due to break neck growth, there was general view that 5% borrowers are difficult ones and group liability is forcing them to repay (borrowers believed group liability to be sancrosanct). During demo, due to political interventions, this structure broke down and hence, defaults. Risks such as drought etc. will be there but will have local impact. The biggest risk is political intervention as the borrower base is strong vote bank. It will bite the sector again in future in some other form.

MFIs have already started growth though I think it will be slower going forward as Credit Bureau rejects have been increasing which shows that indebtedness has been increasing (long term impact).

Low ticket Gold Loan customers face similar problems as MFI borrowers as they below to same strata. Hence, gold loan has also slowed down after demo. Going forward it should have better growth.

Mana specific
Gold Loan: Mana auctioned 531 cr of gold (~5% of gold loan book). 90% of clients are existing clients (60% roll over + 30% existing i.e. who come after some gap) and 10% new. I think their short term 3 month product led to NPA (due to non payment of interest, again related to weakness in rural economy post demo) which led to higher auction. Cautious growth combined with lower growth in new customers in general led to loan book run down.

MFI: PAR>60 was 7.7% (con call) and >90 was ~7%. The borrowers less than 90 PAR would have been paying installments and will still be in PAR if they have not cleared 100% overdue (the non repayment story gained strength in Dec’16, by June it is 180 days). Hence, I do not think we should really worry about more write-offs unless there is new political turmoil during upcoming state elections.

I think Mana has good strategy of Gold Loan + MFI + Affordable Housing + Commercial Vehicles, catering to the same segment of borrowers which it can leverage in future. Also, its non gold loan book is 20%. Since target is to achieve 25% (by FY18 end ?) we can expect strong growth there.

I hope to see good results next q onwards, will be worried if it does not come.

Disclosure: Recently took small position in the stock


(maheshkumar) #302

(Mridul) #303

From 20-25% AUM growth guidance till last interview in July, they have now guided for 10-15% AUM growth for this fiscal. That is some cut! Good thing is that he collections are back to 100%. But demand is yet to pick up…still demonetization woes haunting the lower brass?


(Kumar Saurabh) #304

I do not think this is one off event. Though they said they will try to find ways to reduce, does not look like they have a clue on “How”. They may not able able to do on an absolute basis anytime sooner (without compromising on coverage by time and location). However, they might be able to do on % of revenue basis if they are able to show AUM growth


(maheshkumar) #305

Huge gap in valuations between the muthoot and manappuram inspire of better diversification and better ROE for manap
Looks like soon the gap will come close in second half of the year considering the better gold prices ,already full provisioning done this quarter and also the collection is almost 100%


(amitjain2711) #306

Hi Hitesh,

What do you think of the result and the way forward?

Regards
AJ

Disc: Added today; substantial allocation in pf.


(kna) #307

I think things for rural India started coming back in Apr - May. Some of the MFIs have also de grown in q1.

Also 10-15%, is for gold loan (?), other products will grow faster


(Mridul) #308

Not sure what he meant … is this just for gold loans or for overall portfolio?

“He expects 10-15 percent growth in AUM going ahead. Gold loan business is free from credit risk, he further mentioned.”


(kna) #309

Likely to be gold loans. Since a quarter of de growth is there and recovery has started in q2, so 10-15% for the year.