Kridhan Infra - Capability building through acquisitions


(Nolan) #1

Kridhan Infra, over the last decade, has evolved from a steel product manufacturer to a niche foundation engineering company. Kridhan was originally founded in Mumbai as Readymade Steel India Pvt. Ltd. (RMS) in 2006. RMS pioneered the concept of “ready to use” steel for the Construction Industry in India.

Kridhan Infra provides Mechanical Splicing (Couplers) and threading solutions in India. It provides Type II Parallel thread Mechanical Splicing (Coupler) systems that meet all the national and international codes/standards and its onsite threading services are considered to be one of the best in India.

Kridhan Infra has been very successful in providing technology and service to major companies in the construction and Infrastructure business. Some of its clients are L&T Constructions, HCC, Lodha Group, Indiabulls, Delhi Metro, Kochi Metro, Lucknow Metro, Hyderabad Metro, J Kumar, Eversendai, Omkar Group, Marathon Realty, K Raheja Group, DB Realty, Ariisto Group, Lokhandwala Group, Capacite etc.

Over the years, through a series of acquisitions, Kridhan has evolved into a high quality service provider in foundation engineering across the construction and infrastructure sectors - both in India and South East Asia. The Company is present across the value chain of foundation engineering, from soil investigation to piling.

Kridhan has also successfully ventured into other SE Asian countries including Malaysia and Myanmar. It is well placed to tap the growing infrastructure opportunities in India on the back of superior technology and execution track record.

Background and History

Kridhan Infra was incorporated on March 21, 2006 as Readymade Steel India Private Limited. It was a Joint Venture between CSC Holdings Limited (“CSC”), Krishna Trading Corporation (“KTC”), Triveni Enterprises (“TE”) and Mr. Anand Goel. Company commenced its test operations in Bangalore in 2007. But it soon ceased operations and from Bangalore and set-up an existing processing facility in Khopoli, Raigad in the year 2008 financed through a term loan from Union Bank of India amounting to Rs.3.9 crores. The Khopoli facility had an installed capacity of 27000 MTPA.

In 2009, Company entered into an LOI with Larsen & Toubro Limited for processing of steel for its Mumbai Monorail Project. In 2010, it became a public limited company with an ISO 9001:2008 certificate under its belt. In 2012, company entered into Technical Collaboration with CABR Technology Co., Ltd, China and completed acquisition of KH Foges Pte. Ltd., Singapore. In 2013, Readymade Steel bagged Rs. 115 Cr. order from Ministry of Health, Singapore and an order worth Rs 35 crore from Shangri La Hotel, Myanmar. Also, in the same year, company acquired PSL Engineering PTE Ltd and Rotary Piling PTE Ltd in Singapore.

In 2014, Company changed its name from from “READYMADE STEEL INDIA LIMITED” to "KRIDHAN INFRA LIMITED.

Acquisitions & Collaborations

Oct 27, 2017 – Vijay Nirman Company
Signed a definitive Share Purchase Agreement with institutional and other investors of Vijay Nirman Company to acquire a 36.60% stake in the company. Vijay Nirman Company is a private construction company with over 35 years of operations. VNC’s key business activities include roads, bridges, metros, affordable housing, urban and rural infrastructure, industrial infrastructure, ports and terminals. It has more than 1,600 equipment units to complement its 1,600-1,700-strong staff team. The company has completed over 400 projects and has in-house Design & Execution and Training Academy and a fully equipped 20,000 Sqm Fabrication yard near VSEZ, Visakhapatnam. According to a statement from Kridhan Infra, “VNC is an excellent operational and strategic fit with Kridhan’s existing business and will create significant long-term value for its shareholders. Through this strategic acquisition, Kridhan Infra will strengthen its position in India in the EPC segment. The acquisition provides Kridhan with a strong execution team to complement its superior and unmatched skill set in road and bridge works, foundation engineering, micro tunneling, flyovers, landscaping, and others.”

16 Aug, 2016 – Swee Hong
Through its Singapore subsidiary, KH Foges, Kridhan Infra acquired a majority stake of 50.2% inSingapore’s leading public listed EPC Company, Swee Hong for a consideration of SGD$8 million (about $5.7 million). The EPC order book of Swee Hong stood at SGD 120 million as on 31 March 2016. Swee Hong, one of the leading EPC Company in Singapore listed on Singapore Stock Exchange (SGX), engages in the civil engineering and tunneling works in Singapore with over 50 years of experience. Over the years, Swee Hong has grown to cover entire spectrum of EPC services with expertise in tunneling, sewer works, bridge works, roads works, flyovers, among others. Considering the robust demand outlook in Singapore, India and other South East Asian countries for civil engineering works and smart cities projects, this acquisition will enhance capabilities of Kridhan to empower them to participate in larger EPC projects.

August 03, 2015 – CCCC Tianjin Dredjing Co.
Kridhan Infra Limited has signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with CCCC Tianjin Dredjing Co. Environmental Engineering (“TDC-ECC”) to work together in the Indian market for business opportunities in the field of Dredging and all related activities. CCCC Tianjin Dredging has a fleet of cutter suction dredgers ranked No.1 in China and high in the world. TDC’s main businesses include port and waterway dredging, land reclamation, hydraulic and foundation engineering, survey, design, consultation and environmental dredging. TDC has worked in over 30 coastal ports of China and in international projects in more than 10 countries’ and regions of Southeast Asia, South Asia, the Middle East, North Africa and Southern Africa.

Sep 25 2014 - Econ GeoTech
Kridhan acquired 60% stake in Econ GeoTech, a Singapore-based firm through its Singapore arm, KH Foges. The acquisition will allow Kridhan to upgrade its technological know-how and develop its staff competency in geotechnical engineering. “Soil investigation is an integral part of foundation engineering works and now with Econ’s association with us, we have an in-house team to carry out site investigations which will not only speed up our on-site work but will also enable us to deliver higher quality engineering solutions within the project budget,” said Anil Agarwal, MD, Kridhan Infra.

Sept 3, 2013 – PSL Engineering and Rotary Piling
Readymade Steel India Ltd (RMS), now Kridhan Infra, entered into a sale and purchase agreement with Singapore-based PSL Holdings Ltd for the acquisition of two of its wholly owned subsidiaries—PSL Engineering Pte Ltd (PSLE) and Rotary Piling Pte Ltd (RPL)—for Rs 80 crore to Rs 100 crore through its RMS’s subsidiary KH Forges Pte. PSLE was incorporated in September 1984 and specialises in providing micro-piling, civil, mechanical, construction and ground engineering work. RPL, which was incorporated in November 1974, is a contractor of bored piling, civil, mechanical and ground engineering work. “The proposed acquisitions reflect KH Foges’ effort towards upgradation of its capabilities through acquisition of new technologies and investment in the development of human resource competencies and compliment (its) vision of becoming the foundation engineering specialist in Southeast Asia,” said Anil Agrawal, MD of RMS.

Jul 13, 2012 – KH Foges Pte
Ready Made Steel India completed the acquisition of 90 per cent stake in KH Foges Pte Ltd, Singapore through its wholly owned subsidiary RMS Singapore Ltd. Established in 2004, KH Foges is a specialist contractor in foundation engineering works. For the year ended December 31, 2011, it had a total income of about Rs. 350 crore and a net profit of Rs. 20 crore. “The acquisition of KH Foges was a step towards integration, diversification and value creation for RMS. With KH Foges, we have been quite successful in Singapore as we won several projects across the board in High end Infra Projects like Metro Stations, Commercial Projects like Govt Hospitals, Hotels etc as well as several Housing board projects covering Residential. Now, we see a much greater opportunity in India than what we saw three years ago. This is exactly why we are keen on focusing on infrastructure projects, on the back of the success with K H Foges,” said Mr Anil Agrawal, MD of newly formed Kridhan Infra Limited.

Strategy – Capability building through acquisitions

From its background of being a readymade steel producer, Kridhan found potential in the infrastructure space. It began putting its pawns in place with the first major acquisition of KH Foges in 2012, which is a specialist firm in foundation engineering work. Thereafter, the 2013 acquisitions of PSL Engineering and Rotary Piling helped the Company gain foothold in the piling work which extends further its capability in the foundation engineering work. After the name change from “Ready Made Steel Co.” to “Kridhan Infra” in 2014, company repositioned itself as a player in the fast growing infra sector in Singapore. In 2016 came a big moment when Kridhan acquired majority stakes in a stressed firm named “Swee Hong” for ~5.7$ M. Kridhan worked hard for over an year to integrate and turnaround the performance of Swee Hong. And when they succeeded in doing so, Kridhan had the capability to become a full-fledged player in the EPC business through the resources acquired from Swee Hong. They have moved up the value chain from the humble beginnings of being the pioneers in the business of RMS, to a specialized player in Foundation Engineering, Tunneling, Piling, Soil Investigation etc.

In Singapore, the Building and Construction Authority (“BCA”) has projected that value of construction contracts to be awarded in 2017 will be between S$28 billion and S$35 billion. BCA is anticipating an increase in public sector construction demand from S$15.8 billion last year to S$24 billion for 2017, boosted by an increase in demand for most building types and civil engineering works. Beyond 2017, BCA projects the average construction demand to be between S$26 billion and S$35 billion per annum in 2018 and 2019 and between S$26 billion and S$37 billion per annum in 2020 and 2021. After positioning itself as Singapore’s 2nd largest Foundation Engineering Company, they have now laid eyes upon the Indian Government’s strong impetus on infrastructure development.

Although, so far the company has limited presence in Indian Infrastructure space, they have identified India as a fast growing market in Infrastructure and they are moving in fast to grab the opportunity. A 36.60% stake purchase in Vijay Nirman Company will provide them access to Indian market wherein pooling of resources would benefit both the firms. The local market knowhow and handling bureaucracy are some of the benefits Kridhan would enjoy with Vijay Nirman’s vast experience of project execution in the country. The skill and technology that Kridhan brings would benefit Vijay Nirman, as both companies derive synergy from this collaboration. With its vast experience, technological prowess and superior capabilities, Kridhan can emerge as a significant player in Indian Infra space.

Group Structure

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Financials

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Management is targeting a revenue increase of 3x by FY20. Following drivers will be the catalyst for TO growth:

  • Singapore civil construction vertical - S$150-200mn,
  • Singapore foundation engineering vertical - S$100-150mn
  • India construction vertical Rs.300-500cr,
  • India steel services Rs.50-100cr
    This translates to 1547-2275 cr. (at current SGD to INR FX conversion rate of 47.88)

Foundation engineering contributes over 90% to revenues of the company. It involves:

Foundation Engineering & Geotechnical Works

  • Bored Cast-in-Place Concrete Piles
  • Contiguous Bored and Secant Pile Walls
  • Driven Piles
  • Soldier Piles/King Posts §
  • Micro Piles and Geotechnical Works

Steel products & Services

  • Stirrups
  • Prefabricated Steel Cages
  • Steel Couplers
  • Reinforced Bars – Cut & Bend

Company has a presence across all segment of Foundation Engineering…
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Company came into focus when Mr. DD Sharma of Risk Capital Advisory gave it a thumbs up –

Risk factors

  1. Dependency on large government contracts – Company is still new to Indian market and would find it hard to manage the local authorities. It has in place a partner in India having experience in Indian market, yet till Kridhan gains Indian market knowhow, it will largely depend upon its partner for liasoning and marketing functions. Besides this, delays are common in government contracts which makes it difficult to forecast market size and sales numbers.
  2. Competition from established players – Kridhan would find stiff competition from established players in India. We will have to see how its technology and its superior skills work to its advantage.
  3. With general elections round the corner, the funding for Infrastructure projects might get diverted to populist schemes to drive popular opinion in favor of the government. Such moves can adversely impact the industry growth. Also, the future growth agenda would be dependent upon the policies of the newly formed government after elections.

Disc: Invested 8% of portfolio. All transactions in last 3 months.

http://www.kridhan.com/ControlArea/investor_presentaion_pdf_folder/Kridhan_EP_Q1FY18.pdf






(Bheeshma Sanghani, PhD) #2

I had done some work on kridhan a yr back. As i recall it was a basically piling contractor. Piling while important is a low value thing in the building construction industry and has a history of poor economics because a piling contractor basically has to accept whatever the market is willing to pay at that time. Its as commodotized a industry as they come. That used to be its core business not so far back.


(Nolan) #3

Two reasons why the company has shown margins improvement in last 1-2 years is because firstly they are reaching up to a position in the market where they can choose to work with clients who provide better margins. Secondly, after the last year acquisition of Swee Hong, they have moved up the value chain to take up EPC contracts. Hence, from being a foundation engineering and piling company which is an item-based package work, they would manage whole EPC contract, which is a turnkey-based work. By being in direct touch with the project owner and by having overall responsibility for the project work, Company would have more control on margins.
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(Alok_Laddha) #5

Is it a red flag? The company delayed the declaration of result stating that due to new accounting norms, they would take time. Link here - http://www.bseindia.com/xml-data/corpfiling/AttachLive/ef52b3bc-3c4e-4bb2-9c3f-8b36725a1b05.pdf

Disc - Not invested


(Nolan) #6

This is applicable to the adoption and implementation of Indian Accounting Standards for all listed entities. Several companies, adopting it for the first time in reporting half-year numbers have delayed reporting results. Extension of one month i.e. within 75 days of end of half-year is allowed by SEBI. Hence no red flag.


(Alok_Laddha) #7

Kridhan’s subsidiary KH Foges Pte. Ltd. secured an order of Rs.105 crores - http://www.bseindia.com/xml-data/corpfiling/AttachLive/cf017601-43c6-403d-9427-f35db5f83e89.pdf

Disc- initiated a tracking position


(bullrun1988) #8

Kridhan delivered good no. of revenue
http://www.bseindia.com/xml-data/corpfiling/AttachLive/b359d3a0-8003-45e3-b056-fda4e1557988.pdf


(Alok_Laddha) #9

Yes, topline growth is indeed impressive and as per the expectation but I am unable to comprehend what is that “Purchase” due to which expense increased.


(hazariwalapu) #10

Do anyone has idea regarding financials of Vijay Nirman + how they fund this acquisition?

Thanks

Prashant


(Nolan) #11

Sept 17 Investor presentation - http://kridhan.com/ControlArea/investor_presentaion_pdf_folder/Kridhan%20Infra%20Limited%20Q2%20EP%20and%20IP_Final

Results show decent topline growth. Company is maintaining sustainable EBITDA margin of 13-14 percent.

  • SPA signed to acquire 36.6% stake; to infuse fresh capital; total holding to go to 51%. Expected closing date for the deal is by FY18 end. India EPC business to contribute more than 50% of the FY19 revenue. Targeting an aggressive push in India to capitalize on India’s infrastructure boom. Access to low cost capital of 3.5%-4% compared to 12% -14% in India will help improve ROCE. In my opinion they are moving in a bit quickly with acquisition given their limited experience with managing operations in India. Proper integration and synergy will be the key. However, given their past experience with acquisitions and quick turnaround of Swee Hong assures of Company’s capability of managing inorganic growth.

  • Expected significant revenue increase of over 2x in FY19 mainly driven by India operations and full consolidation of VNC

  • Turnaround of Swee Hong expands opportunity set by 10x; Moving up the value chain to be a full service EPC Player in Singapore and India.


(Alok_Laddha) #12

An important update. Kridhan Infra Limited to Increase Stake in Vijay Nirman Company Pvt. Ltd. - http://www.bseindia.com/xml-data/corpfiling/AttachLive/3676f081-ecf5-4335-ae9f-0b66869d3a79.pdf


(Nolan) #13

Govt. of Singapore bought 8 Lac shares of Kridhan Infra Limited at average price Rs 92.00.

http://www.moneynext.in/deal?client=singapore&&date=18-Dec-2017&&stock=533482

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(bullrun1988) #14

Can any body tell me that 51% shares of VNC acquired by kridhan at what price???


(bullrun1988) #15

Kridhan infra board meeting approved the QIP at floor price 102.82 but could any body tell how much shares on QIP???


(NightFury) #16

Kridhan Infra has purhased VNC at total consideration of Rs175cr for the 51% stake. They had already bought the stake of private equity investors Avendus and one more who were looking to exit as the fund was closing down. post acquisition Kridhan will have 51% stake and xisting promoters will have 49%


(NightFury) #17

Sorry Rs175 cr is the total value of the company at which promoters bought 36.7% stake. they are infusing another Rs50cr to take the stake upto 51%


(NightFury) #18

total shares after dilution will be 94mn


(bullrun1988) #19

And how they raising this fund for VNC???


(hazariwalapu) #20

Source of this information please?

Prashant


(NightFury) #21

@bullrun1988 @hazariwalapu
They are doing QIP for the same purpose. I met the consultant to the management last week who is managing the QIP, and they shared this information
Post this acquisition, they expect FY19 revenues to cross Rs2200cr and close to 90-100cr PAT
VNC annual revenue run rate is close to Rs1000cr