Jamna Auto Industries

(Chandragupta) #65

The company has accounted for a Government Grant (refund of VAT from Jharkhand Government) of Rs.19.02 crore of which Rs.2.42 crore is taken as Other Income and the balance is taken to the Balance Sheet as Deferred, to be taken as income in future years (See Note no.45 on page 138 of AR FY 2016-17). Against this, I can see an Asset of Rs.13.82 crore created as “Government Grant Receivable”. What happens to the balance Rs.5.19 crore – can someone explain the accounting to me?

(harry4u9) #66

Time to relook maybe

(Johns George) #67

Hi fellow investors/experts,

I have been reading about Jamna auto. The numbers looked good and it looked to be a great business. However after reading the AR’s from 2009, I have some serious doubts which tell me to stay away from it. However I want to make sure that I am understanding it right, before making a decision.

  1. 2013 AR – Auditor observations:
    a. Delay in payment of statutory deposits, repayments of loans – 92Cr delayed upto 35 days. ICRA downgraded debt rating for the same. Reason stated by the company is temporary liquidity problems.
    Reported Trade payables for year 2013 was 218Cr, which almost covers the Inventory+Receivables part. Capex for the year was only around 30Cr. PAT for the year was around 28Cr. If you look at the CF, net CFO after interest paid is 60Cr and capex is 30Cr. From the reported figures, I do not understand why the company could have liquidity problems, so big that it led to downgrading. This happened in 2012 as well – 46Cr of loan payment delayed
    b. Reported fraud by job worker, company claims it is dealt with.
    c. Around 35Cr of short term debt is used for long term investments.
  2. Same year, that is in 2013, when there were observations, the auditor was changed because of their unwillingness to continue. Please note that the auditor was changed in 2009, due to the then auditor’s unwillingness to continue. All auditors changed in 2011 again due to their unwillingness to continue. The internal auditors changed in 2015. Isnt this unusual?
  3. 2014 AR – this year was a low point in recent past – OPM declined to the lowest – 5%. The reason stated was increase in raw material cost, due to inventory revaluation and inventory rationalization due to obsolete inventory. No more details given. Isnt normally the other way around – due to raw material cost hike, inventory must be charged down or impaired?
    Strangely, the same year the auditors observed that there were discrepancies in physical verification of the inventory. Co claimed that they initiated verification of unfit inventory and disposed of such materials. No further details given. I feel this is fishy and weird.
  4. 2014 AR – Auditors observed that the remuneration to the whole time directors are in excess to the permissible amount. Co then requested special permission and if not approved, the excess money will be refunded. Moreover, the managerial remuneration in general is on the very high side – many years it is around 15% of PAT and has even gone to 20%.
  5. In many years, company disclosed that some expenses of revenue in nature, is capitalized (snapshot attached). Why is such a capitalization if it is of revenue in nature? Shouldn’t it appear in P&L? R&D expenditures are usually capitalized, however during these years the company’s R&D expenditure was negligible.

  1. Strange capitalization continues – 2014 AR disclose that expenses due to surrender of EPCG licenses are capitalized. Isnt this wrong?
  2. 2015 AR - The reported trade payables is 184Cr, disclosure says this includes acceptances of 146Cr which is secured under short term borrowings. Doesn’t it mean that the 146Cr is a short term borrowing and not a trade payable. What I understand about trade payable is that it is for inventory purchases. This is there in reports from 2014 through 2016, disclosure first appeared in 2015. There is no acceptances part in 2017.

Why cant the company include these in short term debt?

Other related observations:
a. 2014 AR – 900Cr of personal guarantee by the promoters. However the total reported debt is less than 100 Cr.
There is a 370Cr guarantee for private subisidiary loans. Moreover a good % of promoter shares are pledged – 9% in 2012, 4% even until 2017.
b. The reported total debt was 14Cr in 2016 (not considering the acceptances part). However 4% promoter shares are still pledged. Why?
c. Also, in 2016, for a debt of 14Cr, the total interest in P&L was 15Cr. CFO shows interest paid as 6Cr.
d. The interest amount is at many times not proportional to the total reported debt.

  1. 2012 AR - Revenue recognition changed from dispatch from factory gate to delivery to customers. It is disclosed but the effect is not clearly shown and compared against the same for previous year.
  2. 2011 AR – Inventory cost method changed from weighted average for entire year to weighted average on rolling cost basis. This resulted in the increase of 4Cr in PAT. However, other earlier and later AR’s disclosures just specify only about weighted cost. Why change only for one year? 2012 is the year where the last recession phase started (2012 to 2014 were bad years)
  3. 2012 AR shows that other assets contains ancillary costs for arranging borrowings – 3.7Cr (2Cr for 2011) is capitalized. Is it ok to capitalize bank costs for debts?
  4. 2007 AR – debentures converted at 62 Rs in June 2007. The share price back then was aprox 40 Rs., split adjusted. I do not have full AR, hence not clear who was these issued to – is it to Clearwater? Is it ok to do this way? If it is to Clearwater, I suppose it is good for the company and shareholders, as the shares were valued more than the then market price.
    However in Aug 2010, shares allotted to Clearwater at 95 per share, when the market price was around 150Rs.

I welcome your insight on this, and would like to correct myself if I interpreted any data wrong.

Thank you
Wish you all a Happy and Fruitful New Year!

(Prasad India) #68

Great work @johnsgeorge.cet.
Marvelous observations.
Hope you continue adding value.

(Johns George) #69

Thank you @Prasad_India.
I look forward to opinions from you all so that I can be better informed and learn further.

To add to my earlier comments/questions. When we look at any fiddling of numbers up by the management , it is not complete without considering what are the incentives and what have they gained out of it. Following is what I can think of, assuming that what I read and infer from the AR is correct:

  1. Obvious enhancement in profitability as follows:

  2. This in turn will augment the ROE and ROCE. Especially when ROCE is one of the ‘Lakshyas’ of the company. (ROCE 33% is one of their financial goals) and they flaunts ROCE for sure.

  3. With the use of short term debt for long term investments, and masking of short term debt as payables, ROCE is further augmented (though this specific part is small, when combined with the profit booster it does make a difference) and BS look tidier.

Notwithstanding the boosters, the numbers and BS look ok until 2015 (on a second thought, this is also questionable for a top OEM supplier with around 60% of the market and the top player in India and the third in the world) and company seems to take off from 2016, apparently due to new products. However I would not want to analyze the company further if the management has a continuous tendency to make up numbers, even if at a small scale.

I welcome further opinions on this.

(Chandragupta) #70

Interesting announcement that goes almost unnoticed – the company is getting into Composites.

The global trend in leaf springs is to replace Steel with Composites, such as CFRP (Carbon Fibre Reinforced Plastic) or GFRP (i.e. glass based). Composites are 50 to 65 % lighter than steel but provide the same or higher level of strength to weight ratio. They are also cheaper, more convenient and long lasting. ARC Industries, Ichalkaranji , Maharashtra claims to be the only composite leaf spring suspension maker in India presently, with clients such as Mahindra, Ford, Toyota, Chevrolet etc. Though market for composites is currently small, it is growing faster than steel springs.