Example of Acting in Concert
It was alleged that Bill Ackman, leader of hedge fund Pershing Square Capital Management, and Michael Pearson, CEO of Valeant Pharmaceuticals International, acted in concert to try to purchase Botox maker Allergan Inc. in 2014. Ackman’s fund independently accumulated a large position in Allergan and then teamed up with Valeant to bid for Allergan. Allergan, which did not want to be acquired by Valeant, and two state pension plans sued Ackman and Valeant for violating securiities laws on the grounds of insider trading. In the meantime, Allergan began putting together a deal with Actavis Plc to thwart efforts by Ackman and Valeant.
Actavis and Allergan did end up consummating a deal in March 2015, which delivered a huge investment gain to Ackman. He squandered those gains and more, however, after he reinvested the proceeds into Valeant, whose enormous debt levels and alleged fraudulent accounting practices sent investors fleeing. Valeant stock had soared over $250 per share in July 2015; when Ackman sold his shares in March 2017, they were trading at around $11 per share. Adding insult to injury, Ackman was forced to finally settle the outstanding lawsuit against him, paying $193.75 million. Valeant agreed to pay $96.25 million, the other portion of the $290 million total settlement. Acting in concert with Valeant was a painful experience for Bill and Michael.
@james_kerala - since this is not a hostile acquisition/takeover, IMHO “acting in concert” may not apply to IDFC and Capital First case.